What is rosacea?
Rosacea is a common condition predominately affecting middle aged fair-skinned people. It usually affects the cheeks, forehead, nose and chin.
It is characterised by small red spots, pustules, flushing and redness. Although rosacea is more common in women, it is often more severe in men.
What causes rosacea?
The cause of rosacea is not known. There are a number of factors that may contribute to its development including genetics, environmental factors, inflammation and blood vessel formation.
How does rosacea present?
There are 2 key components to rosacea
- Red papules and pustules typically affecting cheeks, nose and forehead
Erythrotelangiectactic (vascular) component
- Flushing or blushing of face
- Fine blood vessels present all the time
- Flushing exacerbated by sun exposure, alcohol, hot or spicy foods
What treatments are available for rosacea?
Prescription treatment options include
- Topical creams
- Antibiotic tablets
- Medications to reduce flushing
- Vascular laser for blood vessels and redness
- Brimonidine gel